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Preparation of a sterile field


Clearly delimited area where complete aseptic conditions are maintained and shall be an area free of microorganisms.

Objective:

To avoid contamination of the field to prevent possible patient infections and subsequent complications.

Equipment:

Sterile equipment: drapes, forceps, scalpel handle, etc.

Material:

– Sterile material: gauze, compresses, gloves, gowns, dressings, etc. – Nursing records.

Procedure:

– Antiseptic hand washing. – Inform the patient of the dimensions of the field to avoid sudden movements that could contaminate the field. – Make sure that the package to prepare the sterile field is clean and dry. – Place sterile field: open sterile drape with fingertips touching only the corners. – Put on gown, mask and gloves (all sterile). – Place the sterile elements to be used in the field following the order to be used. – Place sterile forceps to pick up gauze, compresses, etc.

Observations:

– Avoid spilling liquids on the field because it can favor the penetrability of germs. -Every sterile field is no longer sterile when it is neglected. – Keep doors closed and movements reduced to a minimum in areas where sterile procedures are performed. – Do not set up a sterile field before the scheduled time of use.

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