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General rules for handling medication

To facilitate the safe and effective use of prescribed and over-the-counter medications.


– To provide the prescribed medication to the patient in safe conditions. – To reduce the risk of anaphylactic reactions. – Minimize the possible side effects of the medication. – Teach the patient and family how to handle the prescribed medication.


Equipment necessary for the preparation and administration of medication according to the route of administration.


– Prescribed medication. – Medical treatment sheet with the prescription. – Material necessary to prepare and administer the medication according to the type of route to be used. – Nursing records.


– Perform hand washing. – Check prescribed drug, dosage, route, medication expiration date, patient’s name, possible allergies of the patient and drug stability. – Prepare the medication. – Preserve the patient’s privacy. – Check the data on the patient’s identification bracelet. – Inform the patient. – Request patient and family collaboration. – Check the patient’s ability to self-medicate. – Monitor the efficacy of the medication administration modality. – Observe for therapeutic effects and for signs and symptoms of medication toxicity. – Observe for adverse drug effects. – Observe for non-therapeutic drug interactions. – Review with the patient and family the types and doses of regular medication taken by the patient.

– Facilitate medication changes with the physician, if necessary. – Teach the patient and family the desired action and possible side effects of drugs. – Determine the impact of medication use on the patient’s lifestyle. – Assist the patient and family in making necessary lifestyle adjustments associated with certain medications, if appropriate. – Know if the patient is using culturally based home remedies and the possible effects their use may have on the medication.


medication administered, dosage, route, date and time, incidents and patient response.

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