top of page

Diaphragmatic respiration

Breathing movements using the diaphragm and abdominal muscles.


– Increase the patient’s respiratory capacity. – Reduce the energy expenditure used in breathing. – Educate the patient to use the diaphragm in breathing.


– Pillows.


– Nursing records.


– Preserve the patient’s privacy. – Inform the patient of the procedure to be followed. – Request the collaboration of the patient and family. – Check the patency of the patient’s nostrils. – Place the patient in the supine decubitus position with the knees bent, with one hand on the abdomen and the other on the thorax. – Instruct the patient to breathe in slowly and deeply through the nose, with the mouth closed. At the same time, try to elevate the abdomen as much as possible. – Avoid expanding the thorax. – Release the air through the mouth very slowly, with pursed lips, until the abdomen is empty. – Perform the exercise for 10 minutes. Repeat 3-4 times a day. – When the patient masters diaphragmatic breathing, perform the exercises standing up. – Place the patient in the most appropriate position. – Record in the nursing documentation: procedure, reason, date and time, incidences, and the patient’s response.


Diaphragmatic breathing should become a habit of the patient.

1 view0 comments


bottom of page