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Assessment of basic activities of daily living through barthel’s index


Instrument for measuring physical disability, measures the person’s ability to perform ten basic activities of daily living, obtaining a quantitative estimate of the degree of dependence of the subject.

Objective:

To determine the person’s ability to perform basic activities of daily living.

Equipment:

Scale for the assessment of basic activities of daily living. Barthel index.

Material:

– Nursing records.

Procedure:

– Preserve the patient’s privacy. – Inform the patient. – Request the collaboration of the patient and family.

Observations:

The questions are asked by grouping the activities into three groups. First, mobility activities: is the patient able to climb stairs, walk independently and transfer from chair to bed without assistance, does he/she leak urine or stool, does he/she bathe, dress, wash, go to the toilet or eat without assistance, and if the patient answers that he/she is unable to climb stairs, walk independently and transfer from chair to bed without assistance, does he/she leak urine or stool, does he/she bathe, dress, wash, go to the toilet or eat without assistance? If in any activity he/she answers that he/she is unable to do it, then we go deeper into it. Subsequently, the points that he/she does not perform are calculated and subtracted from 100.

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